The Finnish Far Right Part 2: The Rise of the (True) Finns

In February we published the first part of this 2-part on the rise of the far right and populist parties in Finland. In the first part of the series our author Kristofer Jäntti focused on the rise of the Lapua movement. Now he examines the rise of the populist Finns party.


After the IKL (Patriotic People’s Movement) were finally disbanded, as part of the Peace Treaty between Finland and the Soviet Union, there were no Far Right Parties – that is parties against certain features of Liberal Democracy, of political importance . Indeed it would not even be feasible during the period ‘Finlandization’

Politics and social media: why Eastern Europe’s politicians are all atwitter

Politicians in Central and Eastern Europe are taking to Twitter in increasing numbers – but with mixed results, finds Philipp Köker.

Since Barack Obama’s use of Twitter and other social media in his successful 2008 presidential campaign, more and more politicians (or their PR advisers) have discovered the power of delivering short, 140-character messages to supporters. This digital revolution has also not left politicians in Central and Eastern Europe unaffected and many leaders in the region are now on Twitter

Putinism – An Ideology?

by Anna-Cara Keim

Putinism is an expression widely used to describe the ruling style of Russia’s current president Vladimir Putin. This ruling style has been described as a guided democracy with a carefully managed economy resembling the rent-seeking oil economies of the Persian Gulf. Moreover, gas and energy have also become Russia’s defining foreign policy features. Media censorship might not be comparable to the days of the Soviet Union – however, it is ensured that the life of the few remaining independent and critical journalists is as difficult as possible

The Finnish Far Right Part 1: The Lapua Movement

by Kristofer Jäntti

Introduction to the Series

‘A spectre is haunting Europe, the spectre of Populism’. Since the 1980’s Europe seems to be in the grips of a ‘populist zeitgeist’. It manifests itself in the success of organisations such as Jean Marie Le Pen’s Front National in France or Geert Wilder’s Party of Freedom in the Netherlands. Finland too has not remained immune to the spreading virus, seeing the recent stellar rise of the True Finns, or, to use their new official English name, simply ‘Finns’

Nothing but Trouble for Putin and Gazprom

by David Grodzki

Russian president Vladimir Putin will be happy that the year 2012 is coming to an end very soon. It has not been the easiest or most successful year in his career, nor has it been a particularly good one for the Russian state. Whilst the former KGB-officer secured a third non-consecutive term as president in March 2012, Russians seem increasingly fed up with a lack of liberal reforms,  failure to crack down on cor­ruption and even stronger implementation of authoritarian structures and censorship

Why do the European Union and Germany need Nord Stream?

by Aleksander Thomas

The Nord Stream, previously known as the North European Gas Pipeline (NEGP), is a 1200km long natural gas pipeline, starting in Russia-Vyborg and reaching Germany’s Greifswald through the Baltic Sea. After its final completion, Nord Stream will be among the longest offshore pipelines in the world. It has the capacity to convey a total of 55 billion cubic metres (bcm) of gas annually. The already developed Yuzhno-Russkoye field is the source of the gas. In the future, it will also flow past Shtokmanovskoyes (Shtokman) and Ob-Taz Bay fields

Bypassing the Baltic

by Paolo Sorbello

The pipe-dream has become reality. Since the late Nineties, Russian energy giants have been designing routes that would provide an alternative to the main web of Soviet-era pipelines. After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 ideology was replaced by pragmatism in the Russian energy policy. Instead of pipelines with names such as ‘Brotherhood’ or ‘Union’ crossing the former Socialist region, Russia became more interested in projects that would have to rely on fewer and more reliable transit countries

A (Polish) History of Violence: The Difficulties of Advancing Women’s Rights in the 21st Century

by Adrianna Minta

This April, a fresh controversy related to gender politics took Polish media by storm. Jarosław Gowin, Poland’s current minister of justice and a Civic Platform politician, stated loud and proud that he would vehemently oppose the signing and ratification of the Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence

An Unbearable Weight: Are We Looking Ahead to Twelve Years of Putin?

by Paolo Sorbello

Vladimir Vladimirovich was used to obey. During his secret service years, he responded with martial accuracy to commands coming from the Kremlin. However, in the past twelve years, he had to learn to rule the Russian Federation from the driver’s seat


The Baltic Sea region: from the periphery to the centre.

by Anna-Cara Keim

What is Baltic Sea Region? Some have considered a transitory post-cold war invention. Others saw it as a challenge to the Nordic Identity that experienced a fundamental crisis during the early 1990s.In the 1990s in became an aspiration, a chance for post-communist countries to re-join Europe

No Poppies but ‘Imported Anarchists’ – a Report from the recent Polish Independence Day Celebrations

by Mateusz Zatonski

Every nation celebrates the biggest dates in its history differently. For instance, Fourth of July gathers Americans at hot-dog eating contests and firework shows. The British Remembrance Day is a rather more solemn affair, with the omnipresent poppy commemorating the victims of the Great War, and parades of war veterans applauded by crowds of tourists and locals. Other countries opt for body paints, historical re-enactments, and countless other ways of celebrating national unity and pride

Hello Scandinavia! Will Edinburgh soon be on the Baltic rim? – A response to the SNP’s idea of an independent Scotland

by Anna-Cara Keim

On December 5th the British newspaper the independent published information about a Scottish government document revealing that upon a Scottish independence the current government in Edinburgh wants Scotland to “become Scandinavian”.
The idea is to build closer ties with Scandinavia and North-eastern Europe. Additional plans suggest that Scotland should join the Nordic security co-operation and the Nordic Council

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